Showing posts with label circuits. Show all posts
Showing posts with label circuits. Show all posts

Friday, 15 January 2016

6V Solar battery charger circuit using LM317

Today we are going to learn how to make a simple solar battery charger for 6V battery.

The solar charger we are going to make is based on LM317 regulator IC. When battery has reached is full charge voltage (Battery voltage is higher than VDz + 0.7v), our charger circuit automatically cuts the charging to protect the battery form damage. The LED light will indicate the full charge state in the battery.

Our charger circuit will work only when the voltage level from the solar panel is much higher than the battery voltage, unlike the solar charger with regulator and controller that can charge regardless the solar voltage.

Part List:-

Solar - 12V solar cells array

C1 - 470uF electrolytic capacitor rated 25V

D1, D2 - 1N5400 or any rectifier diode rated 2A minimum

Dz - 1N5235B or any 6.8V zener diode

R1 - 3 kilo ohms 1/4Watt

R2 - 330 ohms 1/4Watt

R3 - 560 ohms 1/4Watt

R4 - 2 kilo ohms 1/4Watt

LED -3mm or 5mm Red or any low power LED

Q1 - 2N2222, CS9013, or similar NPN transistor

Bat - 6V lead acid battery

Make the above simple circuit to charge your 6V battery from clean and environment friendly energy.

If any query arises pleas ask them in the comment section, i will be happy to answer.

Saturday, 18 October 2014

How to Regulate Power Supply Voltage in Electronic circuits Or Reduce voltage dropping

How to Regulate Voltage in  Electronic Circuits or Reduce voltage dropping in power supplies.

Generally the sole purpose of a power supply is to provide power to an electronic circuit so that we can operate that circuit within safe voltage and current tolerance/ range. For a given amount of power, there is an inverse relationship between voltage and current (ohm's law V=IR, where v is voltage across the circuit, I is current in the circuit and R is the equivalent resistance across the circuit). Whenever there is an increase in current there must be a voltage, and whenever current decreases,voltage must increase. This simple phenomenon unfortunately, has an adverse effect on power supply circuits.

When anyone connect a voltmeter to the output terminals of a power supply, the voltmeter itself draws current ( but an almost of insignificant amount ) so the meter reads very close to the voltage anyone should expect to obtain from the power supply.

However, if one connect a circuit which draws a significant amount of current from the power supply, then there will be a voltage drop occurs in perportion to the amount of current.

Depending on the nature of the circuit one is connecting to the power supply, this voltage drop
may or may not be a bad thing for most of circuit which is insensitive to voltage variation but some circuits which is designed for 12 VDC or some fixed value DC then the circuit may not function properly. In that case the power supply needs to workeven harder to make sure it delivers the desired
voltage to the circuit to function properly.

So power supply have to maintain that value and to maintain that steady voltage level regardless of the amount of current drawn from a power supply, the power supply need to incorporate a voltage regulator circuit. The voltage regulator circuitory usulaay monitors the current drawn by the load and according to that it increases or decreases the voltage accordingly to keep the voltage level fixed or constant.

So simply when a power supply  incorporates a voltage regulator circuitory  is called a regulated power supply.

Anyone can design their own voltage regulator circuit, but it is very easy to buy one of the many
available integrated circuit (IC) voltage regulators in the market to save the time. Generally voltage
regulator ICs are inexpensive and, with we only have to simply connect three pins, really very easy to incorporate into any circuit which requires a regulated power supply. In the market the most popular type of voltage regulator IC is the 78XX series, sometimes it is called as the LM78XX series too. These voltage regulators IC's is the combination of 17 transistors, three
Zener diodes, and a handful of resistors into one easy to use handy package with three pins. We also have to buy a heat sink (aluminium bar) which helps the IC to dissipate the excess power consumed by the regulator for compensation for the increases or decreases in current draw to keep the voltage at a constant level or fixed level.

Sunday, 13 April 2014

how to make a 48v Transformerless Electronic Automatic Battery Pack charger for Electric Vehicles or e-scooters or e-cars or e-rickshaws

How to make a 48volt Transformerless Automatic Battery Pack Charger for electric Vehicles, e-scooty, e-car, e-rickshaws etc.


Today I am going to explain How to make 48v Automatic battery charger circuit which is transformerless or electronic.

Now a days electric vehicals e-scooters, e-rickshaws etc.. are very popular and beneficial for regular driving. It is also beneficial because traffic now a days are increasing very sharpely and to drive in traffic consumes lot of conventional fuel and pollute the environment more, if somebody have electric vehical he or she may only need to release the accelerator to save the charge in battery. Thats why most of the people in different countries are opting for electric vehicles.

The biggest problem with these electric vehicles are their batteries are very sensitive to overcharge and take long to recharged completely. So one have to be very attentive regarding charging if their charger dont support autocut feature while full charged.

So today we are going to learn how to make a 48V Transformerless Automatic Battery charger to make you guys relieved and dont worry about charging of your electric vehicles or e-scooters.